OS credential dumping and lateral movement present significant security challenges in modern environments. These tactics, commonly used by attackers after initial access, involve extracting credentials like passwords and tokens from an operating system and then using these credentials to move laterally within a network. This process exploits credential storage and management weaknesses, often targeting widely used operating systems. Tools such as Mimikatz, commonly employed for credential dumping, highlight the vulnerability of systems to such attacks. Lateral movement enables attackers to escalate privileges and gain access to critical resources, often going undetected due to the use of legitimate credentials. This advisory underscores the necessity for robust security policies, including implementing least privilege principles, regularly monitoring network activity for unusual patterns, and continuously updating and patching systems. It also stresses the importance of educating users on secure credential practices to mitigate the risk of such advanced persistent threats, reinforcing the need for a comprehensive and adaptive security strategy in the face of evolving cyber threats.